Oxford Applied Linguistics

Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing

Lyle F Bachman

Format:

Paperback

prize graphic icon Winner of the MLA Kenneth W Mildenberger Prize

Here is a clear and authoritative discussion of the basic concerns which underlie the development and use of language tests, and an up-to-date synthesis of research on testing. Primarily for students on teacher education courses, it is also an invaluable resource for all those professionally involved in designing and administering tests, acting as a complement to practical 'how to' books.

  • ISBN: 978-0-19-437003-5
  • Pages: 0
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Dimensions: 240x160 mm
Cover

Look inside

Tab 1

The series attracts single or co-authored volumes from authors researching at the cutting edge of this dynamic field of interdisciplinary enquiry. The titles range from books that make such developments accessible to the non-specialist reader to those which explore in depth their relevance for the way language is to be conceived as a subject, and how courses and classroom activities are to be designed. As such, these books not only extend the field of applied linguistics itself and lend an additional significance to its enquiries, but also provide an indispensable professional foundation for language pedagogy and its practice.

The scope of the series includes:
  • second language acquisition
  • bilingualism and multi/plurilingualism
  • language pedagogy and teacher education
  • testing and assessment
  • language planning and policy
  • language internationalization
  • technology-mediated communication
  • discourse-, conversation-, and contrastive-analysis
  • pragmatics
  • stylistics
  • lexicography
  • translation

Tab 2

Preface

1 Introduction
The aims of the book
The climate for language testing
Research and development: needs and problems
Research and development: an agenda
Overview of the book
Notes

2 Measurement
Introduction
Definition of terms: measurement, test, evaluation
Essential measurement qualities
Properties of measurement scales
Characteristics that limit measurement
Steps in measurement
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

3 Uses of Language Tests
Introduction
Uses of language tests in educational programs
Research uses of language tests
Features for classifying different types of language test
Summary
Further reading
Discussion questions

4 Communicative Language Ability
Introduction
Language proficiency and communicative competence
A theoretical framework of communicative language ability
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

5 Test Methods
Introduction
A framework of test method facets
Applications of this framework to language testing
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

6 Reliability
Introduction
Factors that affect language test scores
Classical true score measurement theory
Generalizability theory
Standard error of measurement:
Interpreting individual test scores within classical true score and generalizability theory
Item response theory
Reliability of criterion-referenced test scores
Factors that affect reliability estimates
Systematic measurement error
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

7 Validation
Introduction
Reliability and validity revisited
Validity as a unitary concept
The evidential basis of validity
Test bias
The consequential or ethical basis of validity
Post mortem: face validity
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

8 Some Persistent Problems and Future Directions
Introduction
Authentic language tests
Some future directions
A general model for explaining performance on language tests
Apologia et prolegomenon
Summary
Notes
Further reading
Discussion questions

Bibliography
Author index
Subject index

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