Communication in the Language Classroom

Communication in the Language Classroom

A book about classroom interaction and how to teach communication skills to language students.

Format: Paperback

This book is designed to help teachers analyze effective communication strategies, evaluate performance, and provide learners with appropriate feedback based on the actual language used in the classroom.

  • ISBN: 978-0-19-433522-5
  • Price: $ 38.00

This book is designed to help teachers analyze effective communication strategies, evaluate performance, and provide learners with appropriate feedback based on the actual language used in the classroom.

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Key features

  • Surveys the findings of recent research into classroom interaction involving language learners
  • Discusses the implications of this research for designing classroom communication tasks
  • Offers practical suggestions for applying the ideas in the book to the classroom
  • Supports explanations with transcripts of recordings of real language classes made by the author over a twelve-year period
  • Suitable for trainee teachers on Diploma/Master's courses, as well as new and experienced practising ELT/ESL teachers.

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This book is designed to help teachers analyze effective communication strategies, evaluate performance, and provide learners with appropriate feedback based on the actual language used in the classroom.

Contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction

PART ONE: Input, interaction, and negotiation


1 Communicating inside and outside the classroom
Introduction
'Teacher Talk'
- Activity: Giving explanations
'Learner talk'
Terms for 'negotiation'
Comprehension
- Complexity of comprehension
- Comprehension and foreign language development
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

2 Simplicity and accessibility
- Activity: Beyond the text
Comprehension resources
Non-linguistic simplification
- Context
- Background knowledge
- Activity
Simple = accessible?
Simplifying texts
Explanation
Accessible versus noticeable
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

3 Teacher Talk
- Activity: The hat seller
Input modifications
Interaction modifications
- Activity
Modifications of information choice
- Descriptive detail
Logical links
Assumed socio-cultural gaps
Implications for classroom practice
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

4 Modification research: findings and implications
Problems of measurement
- Activity: What do students understand?
Effects on comprehension
- Input modifications
- Interaction modifications
Modifications of information choice
Effects on learning
- Implications for classroom practice
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

PART TWO: Classroom applications - interaction-based teaching

Introduction

5 Teaching listening
- Activity: Spoken language
Problem-solving strategies
- Paused listening tasks
Types of listening
Grading
- Interaction-based grading
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

6 Teaching speaking
- Activity: Questions in class
Teacher-learner interaction
Learner-learner interaction
Setting up negotiation tasks
- Introducing negotiation
- Grouping
- Distributing the information
Feedback
- Teacher-learner feedback
- Learner-learner feedback
- Combining learner and teacher feedback
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

7 Teaching reading
- Activity: A difficult text
Choice of texts: authenticity
Interaction with texts
- Think-aloud interpretation
- Reciprocal teaching
- Modifying a text
Interaction about texts
- Question-setting
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

8 Teaching writing
Writing as interaction
- Decomposition
Classroom writing: the role of the reader
Classroom writing: the role of the teacher
- Activity: A writing lesson
Feedback during writing
- Learner-initiated feedback
Feedback after writing
- Clarification requests
Summary
- Suggestions for further reading

9 Postscript
Four reasons for not changing anything
'We don't have the resources'
'Our classes are too large for interaction'
'Our students don't expect to be taught that way'
'We haven't been trained to teach like this'

Glossary
Bibliography
Index

Reviews

  • 'A valuable, practical contribution to the field of language teaching.'
    - Modern Language Journal