This book provides an accessible introduction to language learning research. It gives a 'feel' for what research activities are like by engaging the reader in several roles within a variety of mini-studies across a range of research design types, both qualitative and quantitative. Roles include that of research subject, research organizer, research data collector, research data analyst, and research reporter.

The book systematically explains the characteristics and purposes of various types of research, terminology, the logic underlying selection, and the steps typical of each type of research design. Each research method is introduced in the context of a relevant piece of language learning research which exemplifies the approach. The book engages readers in thinking about and discussing these studies, as well as participating as subjects in adapted versions of them. The book also provides guidelines on how to write research reports.

Individual, small group, and large class adaptations

We have found that student- teachers are much more curious to find out what research data mean when the data are their own...


In keeping with the philosophy of the book, we ask readers to work through statistical procedures rather than using computer-based statistics programs, as hands-on calculation helps students to be clearer about how the procedures work. However, to avoid possible errors due to copying, we have provided downloadable Excel versions of many of the Tables in the book on this Website.