Product Information Teaching Resources

Welcome to the How Languages are Learned companion website. Here you can find resources to use in self-study or teacher-training groups:

  • Sample material from the book
  • Discussion Questions
  • Supplementary Activities
  • Chapter Summaries
  • COLT Scheme




The contents page of How Languages are Learned.

Chapter 1 Extract

The first six pages from Chapter 1.


The glossary of terms used in the book.

Supplementary Activities

Extra activities to supplement the book.

Video interviews

Patsy Lightbown and Nina Spada on How Languages are Learned.

Chapter Summaries

Use these editable PowerPoint presentations to review key points for each chapter.

Questions for Reflection

Questions from the end of each chapter to personalise learning.

Discussion Questions

Use these questions in group work to stimulate critical thinking on the key points of each chapter.

COLT Scheme

The Communicative Orientation of Language Teaching (COLT) Observation Scheme, Parts A and B.